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Nelson Mandela
"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world"
- Nelson Mandela 

Fundamental Principles of Montessori Schools



Principle 1: Classes are mixed-age and non-graded


  • Mixed-age classes comprise at least three-year groupings corresponding to the Planes of Development: 0-3, 3–6 ect

  • Mixed-age groups are not correlated to grades, nor are they divided in other ways according to achievement levels or normative standards.


Principle 2: extended period of uninterrupted self-chosen activity 

  • accommodate an extended period of uninterrupted self-chosen activity

  • a period during which children can choose their own activity and work undisturbed for a minimum of three hours


Principle 3: Rewards and Punishments are not used in a Montessori environment


Principle 4: A prepared environment is a critical component of Montessori


  • Serves the developmental and pedagogical needs of the children using it;

  • Supports freedom of movement, speech and association;

  • Supports free choice of activity;

  • Facilitates normalization and valorisation;

  • Includes a full range of Montessori materials appropriate to the age for which it is prepared.


Principle 5: The adults in the Montessori environment exhibit and apply the principles of Montessori


  • A disposition of respect and patience towards the child;

  • An ability to balance the principle of non-intervention while at the same time not abandoning the child;

  • Trust in Montessori principles, methodology and pedagogical aims;

  • Seeing the role of the adult as primarily observer, scientist and interpreter of the environment rather than as a teacher in the conventional sense;

  • Guiding the child to normalization and development appropriate to each Plane of Development.


Principle 6: Montessori schools develop curriculum guidelines which conform to the vision of child development and the educative goals outlined by Maria Montessori

Curriculum & Activities


Curriculum Activities for Alpha Montessori

Educational Approach

Traditional vs Montessori approach

Montessori Approach


Non-graded (two or three year age span)


Students “work” at tables, group lessons on floor with freedom of movement


Children pursue their own self-paced curriculum, individually or in small groups, in various parts of environment


Long blocks of time and relatively few interruptions permit invaluable concentration


Critical cognitive skills developed before age six


Phonetic-based, multi-sensorial; more flexible writing and reading opportunities


Children learn from peers, self-correcting materials; teacher’s role as a guide


All children can learn.  They are the same all over the world


Implicit trust and respect for every child.


Child centered


Children learn through their own discovery and experience


Multi-age grouping for community atmosphere


Children correct themselves through control of error


No time restrictions


Each child learns at his/her own pace


Children work independently


Children are self-directed and make their own choice


Subjects are intertwined






Low student to teacher ratios

alpha montessori preschool sunset beach
South african montessori association

© 2024 by Alpha Montessori. All rights reserved. Developed by Yellow Lemon Montessori Consultancy.

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alpha montessori preschool sunset beach
alpha montessori preschool sunset beach
alpha montessori preschool sunset beach
traditional vs montessori approach
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